Alexander of Aphrodisias was a Peripatetic philosopher and the most celebrated of the Ancient Alexander’s dedication of On Fate to Septimius Severus and Caracalla, in gratitude for his position at Athens, indicates a date between and. Alexander of Aphrodisias’ Ethical Problems R. W. Sharples (Tr.): Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ethical Problems. (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle.) Pp. Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate: Text, Translation, and Commentary. Alexander (ed.) Alexander of Aphrodisias in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy.

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Aspasius relates that the former is the more ancient reading, but that it was later changed by Eudorus and Euharmostus. Yes, if this happens; otherwise not. Madigan ; Sharples ;2. The Classical Review 36 Retrieved 27 August As his analyses show, Alexander was not an original logician with innovative ideas of his own, as was his contemporary, Galen. Solomon – – Philosophy East and West 53 4: This long-standing debate prompted Alexander to develop an Aristotelian concept of fate by identifying it with the natural constitution of things, including human nature On Fatech.

Views Read Edit View history. Greek philosophy had no precise term for “free will” as did Latin liberum arbitrium or libera voluntas.

Alexander of Aphrodisias

Aphordisias Aristotle is hard to comprehend on account of his clipped and elliptic style, Alexander is often hard to follow because of his long and tortuous periods. This appears to be not very different from the Stoic Chrysippus ‘ idea that one can aphrodisis or dissent to an action. Sharples – – Phronesis 27 1: And indeed, if ‘there will be a sea-battle tomorrow’ is true, it will always be the case that a sea-battle came to be in accordance with fate, if indeed all the things that come to be are in accordance with fate.

Alexander on the Aphroxisias Chain of the Stoics R. For what clearer refutation of a statement could there be than that it does not fit the things about which it is made? On the Cosmospage 4.

He argues that the intellect develops from an embodied intellect that is focused upon the material world to a state that eventually contains forms that are not embodied. Causation and the unity of the universe.


Alexander of Aphrodisias (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. While his presentation is not free from repetition and while the order of the arguments leaves aleaxnder to be desired, it is an interesting text that displays a lively engagement with the issues and quite some philosophical sophistication. The mark will replace all previously earned marks for subtests. Metaphysics, Soul, and Ethics: In general, Alexander goes on the assumption that Aristotelian philosophy is a unified whole, providing systematically connected answers to virtually all the questions of philosophy recognized in his own time.

Alexander was a native of Aphrodisias in Caria [1] and came to Athens towards the end of the 2nd century. Fresh starts of new causal chains merely create alternative possibilities for deliberation.

Perhaps inconsistently with his Stoic doctrine of fate, Chrysippus thinks alternatives are possible in some sense. For, [even] if [when] stated as [something] necessary it is not true because of the addition of the necessary, if it does not become necessary by the addition of ‘of necessity’ it will still be true in the same way as [the proposition] uttered without this addition. For the heavenly bodies and their rotation are sufficient to preserve the continuity of the things that come to be in the universe.

It is unclear whether there had om a genuinely Peripatetic contribution to this debate before Alexander. Sharples3 indicates, these three books address problems in natural philosophy in the broadest sense. On Fate and Fatalism.

Alexander of Aphrodisias on Fate

Laexander if there will be a sea-battle, but not of necessity since it is true that there will be a sea-battle, but not [true that there will be a sea-battle] of necessityclearly [there will be a sea-battle] contingently; and if contingently, the coming-to-be of some things contingently is not done away with by the coming-to-be of all things in accordance with fate. Enarratio de anima ex Aristotelis institutioneHieronymus Donatus trans.

It is this radicalization of the determinist position that sharpened the general consciousness alexxnder the problematic, as witnessed by the relentless attacks on the Stoics by their opponents, most of all by the Academic skeptics and the Epicureans, which lasted for centuries. But everything which has come to be is followed by something else which of necessity depends on it as a cause, and everything which comes to be has something preceding it to which it is connected as a cause.


In this seminar we will closely study De fato and relevant parts of other works of Alexander, reconstruct and assess the arguments, and compare them to later arguments in the history of philosophy up to our day.

Minor works Sharples, R. Added to PP index Total downloads 38of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 5of 2, How can I increase my downloads? Alexander as commentator 3. Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative. This page was last edited on 14 Augustat How to join Forgot your password?

Todd – – Ancient Philosophy 5 2: But this [is an argument] of those who both jest and do not know what they are talking about. Sharples ; Bobzien New findings on seven hundred years of the ancient commentatorsLondon: How is it not absurd to say that the causes and the sequence and successive connection of them extend to infinity, so that there is nothing that is first or last?

Alexander of Aphrodisias

Alsxander of Alexander’s works were published in the Aldine edition of Aristotle, Venice, —; his De Fato and De Anima were printed along with the works of Themistius at Od ; the former work, which has been translated into Latin by Grotius and also by Schulthesswas edited by J.

If, at the end of a book review, you read ‘The author deserves our thanks’, you will rightly take this for praise – but you will not think that the author has been honoured as The Author par excellence.

Nor indeed is walking without a cause, [just] because aledander does not derive its cause from standing up. These essays defend the view that while there is no special care for individuals, providence over the objects in the sublunary sphere is exercised by the movement of the heavenly bodies in the sense that they preserve the continuity of the species on earth.