Figure 1: Chrysophyllum albidum tree (A) and fruits (B) [17]. .. Figure 2: Fiber fractions of the freeze-dried edible parts of Chrysophyllum albidum fruit. Download scientific diagram | Showing pictures of Chrysophyllum albidum fruit, tree and seed from publication: A Comprehensive Review on Ethno-Medicine. 9 Oct This study aimed at providing information on the use and local knowledge variation on Chrysophyllum albidum G. Don a multipurpose tree.

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In addition to plant species biology and ecology, understanding the folk knowledge systems related to the use of plant species and how this knowledge system influences the conservation of plant species is albiudm important issue in the implementation of sustainable strategies of biodiversity conservation programs. The seeds cotyledon possess anti-hyperglycemic properties thus can lower high blood sugar level. The pulp is usually consumed fresh by pressing it hard and then sucking the pulp.

This work is also in line with the findings of Imaga and Urua [ 40 ] who showed that ethanol and aqueous extracts of Chrysophyllum albidum fruit contain tannins, phenols, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, reducing sugar and phlobatannins while saponins, steroids and alkaloid were reported to be present only in the aqueous extract and anthraquinone found to be absent in both extracts.

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Nutrients Compositions and Phytochemical Contents of Edible Parts of Chrysophyllum albidum Fruit

Therefore, it is important to develop sustainable strategies for the species conservation. Chrysophyllu ailments were reported to be treated with C. Below is a group of medicinal plants that offer several therapeutic and medicinal benefits.

This result is in line with the findings of Abiodun et al. Despite the role of ecological barrier the Dahomey Gap played in the distribution of many evergreen rain forests species in Western Africa [ 11 ], Chrysophyllum albidum is present in Benin. For example, national policies could consider planting this species along the roads in the southern Benin. These decreased as the fruits ripened.


However, food processing initiatives of the fruits are rare in Benin Republic while in other countries like Nigeria and Ghana, the transformation of these fruits for table jelly, drinks and others are growing initiatives [ 151637 ]. Informants considered that C.

The fruits were often exposed and thus subjected to further attack by the fruit flies. No significant differences were observed between ethnic groups in the different use categories of C.

Fifteen diseases were reported to be treated by the different parts of C. Similar Articles in albkdum Journal.

African Research Review

Antioxidizing Properties Orijajogun et al. Don Sapotaceae is a common tree that distributed in the tropical rain forest and coastal region of West Africa. This study highlighted the multipurpose nature of Chrysophyllum albidum. With respect to the different plant parts, results showed that the fruit food property of the pulp of the species was the most valuable non-timber forest product while the bark and leaves were used in folk chyrsophyllum, which is in agreement with results from Edem et al.

In Benin, the African star apple Chrysophyllum albidum Sapotaceaea occurs on ferallitic soils [ 9 ].

Chrysophyllum albidum – Useful Tropical Plants

A survey of markets and environs were carried out in Ibadan metropolis during the fruiting seasons for two years to determine the associated insect pests and the extent of damage done to C. A predominant agroforestry homegarden system with crops and small livestock. The presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoid, tannins and saponin in the edible parts of C. This indicates that freeze dried samples could be stored for long period without becoming mouldy.

All the sellers claimed to have purchased clean fruits. Ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of the threatened multipurpose scrambling shrub Caesalpinia bonduc L.

Any insect encountered both externally and internally was recorded. The purification process was repeated twice. The fleshy pulp of the fruits is widely eaten by the local populations. The fruits were given arbitrary rating of according to their level of ripeness.


Ecologically, the tree has an efficient nutrient cycling and the high rate of mineralization of the leaves improves the quality of the top soil. To investigate the nutrient composition and phytochemical contents of the lyophilized-edible parts of Chrysophyllum albidum alvidum.

The African star apple is produced commercially in West Africa Amusa et al.


The variation in ethnobotanical knowledge was assessed by comparing the use value between ethnic, gender and age groups. Damage of fruits by insect pests is one of the major problems faced by fruit sellers in many parts of the country. The total starch was determined by the method of McCleary et al. Develop Africa Foundation Chrysophyllum albidum white star applewhich is closely related to the African star apple Chrysophyllum africanum is distinguished by its pale yellow pericarp and light pink-coloured pulp.

January 26, ; Accepted Date: University of Ibadan; The sweet edible pulp normally contains 5 to 6 seeds. The disappearance of the current “old generation” might involve the loss of folk medicine on C.

Alkaloids have anti-inflammatory property [ 42 ] while saponins exhibit hypocholesterolemic property through the formation of insoluble complexes with cholesterol and consequently slowing down its absorption [ 43 ].

Medicinal plants useful for malaria chrysopjyllum in Okeigbo, Ondo state, southwest Nigeria. The larvae found in the fruits were reared to adulthood within the fruits in the rearing cages and were identified using available keys.

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The ethno-botanic use value was determined to assess the importance of C. Data was collected through structured interviews.